31197-013: Community-Based Infrastructure Services Sector

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details

Description

The main objective of the proposed Project is to improve the living and health conditions in selected rural and urban communities, in particular for the poor population, through the provision of safe and adequate water supply and proper sanitation, and improvement of flood control/drainage facilities and local roads. The Project is aimed to achieve its objective by (i) improving the capacity of the Central and Local Governments in the delivery of the infrastructure services; (ii) supporting sanitation and hygiene education; (iii) improving the technical and financial capability of local governments and Vodokanals (urban water and sewerage agencies) in the planning, implementation, and O&M of facilities; and (iv) promoting ownership and community management of both rural and urban community-based infrastructure services. The Project consists of two parts: Part A: Physical Infrastructure; and Part B: Institutional Development.

Description

The main objective of the proposed Project is to improve the living and health conditions in selected rural and urban communities, in particular for the poor population, through the provision of safe and adequate water supply and proper sanitation, and improvement of flood control/drainage facilities and local roads. The Project is aimed to achieve its objective by (i) improving the capacity of the Central and Local Governments in the delivery of the infrastructure services; (ii) supporting sanitation and hygiene education; (iii) improving the technical and financial capability of local governments and Vodokanals (urban water and sewerage agencies) in the planning, implementation, and O&M of facilities; and (iv) promoting ownership and community management of both rural and urban community-based infrastructure services. The Project consists of two parts: Part A: Physical Infrastructure; and Part B: Institutional Development.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Inadequate delivery of infrastructure services due to fiscal difficulties, aging infrastructure, and institutional constraints, is affecting both urban and rural communities getting access to basic infrastructure services such as water supply, sanitation, flood control, drainage, and roads that are often poorly designed and inadequately maintained. Accordingly, there is a pressing need to improve these basic infrastructure facilities. There is also a need to build the capacity of the sector agencies concerned to enable them to implement subprojects and to develop their ability to undertake operation and maintenance of the constructed systems. In line with the Government's policy using a decentralized community management approach, the Project will enhance the coverage of basic infrastructure facilities, contribute to improving living and health conditions, in particular for the poor population, and improve the institutional, organizational and managerial capabilities of the sector agencies. Inadequate delivery of infrastructure services due to fiscal difficulties, aging infrastructure, and institutional constraints, is affecting rural communities access to basic infrastructure services such as water supply, sanitation, flood control, drainage, and roads. There is a pressing need to improve these basic infrastructure facilities, and to build the capacity of the sector agencies concerned to implement subprojects and develop local capacity to operate and maintain the constructed systems. In line with the Government's policy of using a decentralized community management approach, the Project will enhance the coverage of basic infrastructure facilities, contribute to improving living and health conditions, in particular for the poor, and improve the institutional, organizational and managerial capabilities of the sector agencies.

Safeguard Categories

Environment: B
Involuntary Resettlement:
Indigenous Peoples:

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Overall, the Project is environmentally beneficial. The Project involves simple, appropriate, low-cost technology, and does not pose any serious environmental consequences. Most subprojects consist of water supply from groundwater requiring no treatment, with piped distribution. The Project will provide safe potable water that will result in lower incidence of waterborne diseases.

Stakeholder Participation and Consultation

During Project Design

Socioeconomic surveys have been undertaken for all sample subprojects and will be completed for each subproject prior to its approval. The community approach through public hearings prior to the formation of a water user association and the socioeconomic surveys in each community will ensure that the beneficiaries and NGOs are involved in determining an appropriate and affordable service level and that they are aware of the cost for the investment and the operation and maintenance of the subprojects.

During Project Implementation

Subproject preparation, implementation and arrangements for operation and maintenance will be undertaken through close consultation with the communities. They will be involved in the decisions about service level and other standard of the systems, including the coverage of the service areas and the selection of the sites for public standpipes.

 

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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