31577-013: Grain Productivity Improvement

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details

Description

The project objective is to promote economical and sustainable systems of wheat production. Achievement of the project objective will contribute to the realization of the project goal to improve farm income.

Description

The project objective is to promote economical and sustainable systems of wheat production. Achievement of the project objective will contribute to the realization of the project goal to improve farm income.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

To secure wheat supply, Uzbekistan-a remote landlocked country with limited physical access to international markets-raised wheat output from 0.6 million to 4.7 million tons in 1993-2002. With a domestic requirement of about 4.5 million tons, the country is self-sufficient in wheat. Despite the gains in output, the wheat subsector and the agriculture sector, in general, are facing key challenges. First, aggregate wheat output is prone to sudden drops because the wheat varieties cultivated in Uzbekistan are susceptible to local pests/diseases and not adapted to the local climate. Second, the increase in wheat production has relied excessively on wheat planting in fertile and well-irrigated lands, restricting the available land for cultivation of higher-value crops. Rigid state control over cropping patterns and marketing has also constrained farm income growth. To address these challenges, and increase farm income and ensure food security, Uzbekistan needs to rationalize its wheat production, particularly to minimize wheat cultivation where higher-value crops can be grown. Investments should also be made to stabilize and improve wheat yields, especially in the less irrigable and rain-fed areas. Three critical interventions are needed: (i) accelerate the introduction of wheat varieties adaptable to local conditions, (ii) support agricultural extension to introduce sustainable and more profitable farm practices and technologies for wheat cultivation, and (iii) improve farm access to agricultural support services, including the supply of agrochemicals, farm machinery, and agroprocessing services.

Safeguard Categories

Environment: B
Involuntary Resettlement:
Indigenous Peoples:

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

No issues.

 

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