32143-013: Community-Based Early Childhood Development

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details

Description

The objective of the Project is to improve health, nutrition and psychosocial development of children between birth and 8 years of age in the poorest raions. Specific objectives are to (i) reduce IMR and U5MR; (ii) reduce IDD; (iii) reduce IDA both among children and pregnant mothers; and (iv) improve psychosocial development of preschool children. By improving children's health and nutrition status, and increasing access of preschool programs, the Project is expected to increase women's chance of availing opportunities outside home. The Project will contribute to the attainment of two of the MDGs on reducing U5MR and on UPE.

Description

The objective of the Project is to improve health, nutrition and psychosocial development of children between birth and 8 years of age in the poorest raions. Specific objectives are to (i) reduce IMR and U5MR; (ii) reduce IDD; (iii) reduce IDA both among children and pregnant mothers; and (iv) improve psychosocial development of preschool children. By improving children's health and nutrition status, and increasing access of preschool programs, the Project is expected to increase women's chance of availing opportunities outside home. The Project will contribute to the attainment of two of the MDGs on reducing U5MR and on UPE.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Young children suffer most in times of economic contraction. International research shows that poverty has measurable detrimental effects on children's physical growth, cognitive capacity, and psychosocial adjustment. The long-term impacts of these effects are most severe when children are unprotected during their early years before they enter school. Targeted programs that integrate health, nutrition, and education/care for young children offset the deleterious effects of poverty. Without targeted interventions, the majority of children in poverty will experience inadequate development in their early years, permanently lessening their lifetime performance potential. Health, nutrition, and education sectors have direct impacts on the lives of young children in poor families. These sectors were funded centrally during the former Soviet Union (FSU), and until its final years, were relatively protected. However, recent years have seen declines in budgets, coverage, and quality of services. Scarce resources are concentrated in the capitol, oblast centers, and raion centers. Training and supplies reach remote impoverished health posts and schools last, if at all. But remote villages hold the largest numbers of impoverished families and children. Basic indicators on child development in the Kyrgyz Republic show substantial scope for improvement, and in some areas, worrying sign of stagnation or decline. Early childhood development has implications for women's life as well. Women's life is closely intertwined with their children's. ECD interventions will reduce women's time spent on caring sick children. Increased access to affordable preschool programs will enable women to avail of economic opportunities. Reduction of IDA will improvewomen's productivity, and reduce pregnancy related risks including maternal mortality.

Safeguard Categories

Environment: C
Involuntary Resettlement:
Indigenous Peoples:

 

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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