32336-013: Western Yunnan Roads Development Project

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details

Description

The Project's main objective is to remove transport barriers and reduce transport costs in western Yunnan to (i) promote pro-poor economic growth and thus reduce poverty, and (ii) contribute to regional development in GMS. The Project will (i) alleviate congestion, reduce travel time and vehicle operating costs, and improve road safety; (ii) increase road transport capacity between Kunming and Myanmar border; (iii) facilitate private sector involvement; and (iv) improve access of the poor to markets and social services. The Project will also support road safety and corporate governance reforms. The Project comprises: (i) construction of a 77 km of four-lane access- controlled toll expressway from Baoshan to Longling, including access roads, interchanges with toll stations, administrative buildings, and service areas; (ii) upgrading of 294 km of county and township roads to improve access to poor and minority areas; (iii) procurement of equipment for expressway and local road maintenance, toll collection, surveillance and communications, vehicle-weighing stations, road safety, and office administration; (iv) land acquisition and resettlement; and (v) consulting services for construction supervision, road safety audits, and project M&E.

Description

The Project's main objective is to remove transport barriers and reduce transport costs in western Yunnan to (i) promote pro-poor economic growth and thus reduce poverty, and (ii) contribute to regional development in GMS. The Project will (i) alleviate congestion, reduce travel time and vehicle operating costs, and improve road safety; (ii) increase road transport capacity between Kunming and Myanmar border; (iii) facilitate private sector involvement; and (iv) improve access of the poor to markets and social services. The Project will also support road safety and corporate governance reforms. The Project comprises: (i) construction of a 77 km of four-lane access- controlled toll expressway from Baoshan to Longling, including access roads, interchanges with toll stations, administrative buildings, and service areas; (ii) upgrading of 294 km of county and township roads to improve access to poor and minority areas; (iii) procurement of equipment for expressway and local road maintenance, toll collection, surveillance and communications, vehicle-weighing stations, road safety, and office administration; (iv) land acquisition and resettlement; and (v) consulting services for construction supervision, road safety audits, and project M&E.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

Yunnan is poor, with per capita gross domestic product (GDP) of CNY4,837 in 2001, 64% of the national average. Baoshan's poverty incidence is 29%, higher than the national average. Insufficient road infrastructure constrains economic development and raises private business costs. The Project will thus help reduce poverty. A study financed by the ADB identified the Project as a priority. The road between Baoshan and Longling is of poor technical standard and insufficient capacity. Traffic on this arterial link between Kunming and the Myanmar border is congested and frequently interrupted due to landslides and fog during the rainy season. The Project will continue two ADB-financed road projects in Yunnan, and support ADB efforts to promote regional cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) and the Government's strategy to improve access to poor areas in western Yunnan. Yunnan is poor, with per capita gross domestic product of CNY4,837 in 2001, 64% of the national average. Baoshan s poverty incidence is 29%, higher than the national average. Insufficient road infrastructure constrains economic development and raises private business costs. The Project will thus help reduce poverty. A study financed by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) identified the Project as a priority. The road between Baoshan and Longling is of poor technical standard and insufficient capacity. Traffic on this arterial link between Kunming and the Myanmar border is congested and frequently interrupted due to landslides and fog during the rainy season. The Project will continue two ADB-financed road projects in Yunnan, and support ADB efforts to promote regional cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion and the Government s strategy to improve access to poor areas in western Yunnan.

Safeguard Categories

Environment: A
Involuntary Resettlement:
Indigenous Peoples:

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

The EIA, report concluded that no major adverse environmental impacts would occur provided the recommended mitigation measures are implemented. Project construction and operation will comply with national, provincial, and local government laws, regulations, guidelines, standards, and permit requirements, as well as ADB s Environmental Guidelines for Selected Infrastructure Development Projects . To ensure that adverse environmental impacts of project construction and operation are minimized, project design and bidding documents incorporate EIA mitigation measures, implementation of which will be monitored. The Project will bring substantial social benefits to the rural population. Linking the underdeveloped rural mountainous areas in Yunnan to regional centers will make education and health facilities more available. The Project will also improve access to markets as well as other routine activities, provide better access to emergency health care and increase information flows. Rural folk will contact the outside world more frequently, including nongovernment organizations in towns, thus empowering rural people.

 

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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