33409-013: Vocational Education Strengthening Project

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details


In partnership with the Government and other donors, the Project is expected to increase the number of Indonesian workers with internationally competitive and entrepreneurial skills over the long term. This is consistent with the Government's economic and industry policy agenda. The medium-term outcome of the Project is expected to be expanded enrolments, improved quality, relevance and efficiency, and strengthened partnerships with industry in the model VSSS. Key success indicators will include (i) a 20% increase in enrolments in model VSSS, (ii) teaching of academic subjects, especially mathematics, the sciences and English, upgraded to national standards through upgraded curricula with increased time allocations in model and alliance schools, (iii) agreements with local industry in at least 50% of model VSSS to implement student skills assessment using local industry personnel, (iv) entrepreneurship start-up programs offered in all model VSSS; (v) arrangements with international companies or agencies for mutual skills recognition trialled in at least 40 model VSSS.


Increased competitiveness and employment opportunities for vocational school graduates

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Improved quality and relevance, expanded access, and greater efficiency in senior secondary vocational education.

Progress Towards Outcome

Data from the Monitoring and Evaluation survey indicate an initial improvement of capacity and quality of teaching-learning facilities like classroom and laboratories, leading to an increase of enrollment in model schools by 5-10% during 2010-2011; and 10-15% in 2012; partnerships among SMKs and industries strengthened; and increased average of national exam scores of students for science subjects.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

Refocused vocational school management using a business approach Improved quality of teaching and learning in model and alliance schools Strengthened school-industry linkages in model vocational schools Enhanced entrepreneurship focus in model vocational schools

Status of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress

Outout 1. Refocused vocational school management using a business approach - 90 model and 230 alliance schools have been implementing their approved school business plans; block grants for 2010, 2011, and 2012 have been disbursed. Overall progress are on track. EMIS development is behind schedule, but is now completed and installed in all Model School. Output 2. Improved quality of teaching and learning in model and alliance schools - Major investments in Model Schools have been completed, to include construction/ rennovation of classrooms, labs, and offices; purchase of new teaching-learning equipment; teacher and staff training; and procurement of resource/teaching- learning materials; - Curriculum update have been undertaken and implemented since 2011 - Linkages/synergy among model VSs and alliance VSs remain a challenge, some are successful, others are less successful, depending on the leadership of school principals. -Output 3. Strengthened school industry linkages in model VSs - schools have developed links with industry and employers. On job training, training in school production units are progressing. Many schools undertake production of spare-parts and assembling of products based on the industry orders. - Strategy to support students into self employment being considered; but there are variation in its implementation. - lack of M & E and data on what happens to students when they graduate in terms of employment or increased income levels. - Industry experts conducting assessments of student competence; - School and industries work together in recruitment of graduates through "job fair" Output 4. Enhanced entrepreneurship focus in model VSs - systems to support self employment not yet fully developed or implemented. - income streams at school in many schools developed; but in some places constrained by local government regulation which prohibit schools from receiving income from communities.

Safeguard Categories

Environment: C
Involuntary Resettlement: C
Indigenous Peoples: C

Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation

During Project Design

Full involvement of government and beneficiaries is needed. Project preparation has taken into account positive lessons from ADB's past projects in technical and vocational education, senior secondary schools catering mainly for the poorer sections of the population and girls, the proper selection of the project sites and schools based on the industry's needs, careful targeting of beneficiaries and assessment of causes of and measures for removing constraints to poor children's enrolment in post universla nine-year education. Assessment of potential measures will cover advantages/disadvantages of different modality of program delivery (formal/non-formal), integrating assessment involving the beneficiary communities. Assessment of optimal link and matach with industry for the technical and vocational students will be made. Assessment of the roles of NGOs in the education program delivery will also be included.

During Project Implementation

Participation of industry in vocational education planning and implementation is the key element. Employment and increased income levels central to success of vocational training. Engagement with local government agencies involved with planning local economic development, local employer networks, schools, district education offices essential to supporting schools to develop and implement training relevant to local employers and economic development plans.

Status of Covenants

Category Rating
Loan 2416
Social Satisfactory
Financial Satisfactory
Others Satisfactory
Safeguards Satisfactory
Project Financial Statements


Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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