34331-013: Sustainable Livelihood in Barani Areas Project (formerly Barani Dev III)
Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details
The Project s objectives are to enhance access to land, water, markets, services, agricultural inputs, technologies, and employment among the population living in barani areas in order to increase incomes, improve the quality of life and, ultimately, reduce poverty among vulnerable groups within the project area. At the same time, the Project will strengthen governance structures, aid the process of devolution, and build capacity within local governments to plan and implement development activities. The Project will cover those districts and parts of districts in Punjab province that have much barani land but that have yet to be covered by a barani or area development project.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Barani areas are, almost by definition, areas with high levels of poverty. The primary problem facing barani areas is a lack of access to water for crop and livestock production and thus lower and uncertain crop yields and livestock productivity. However, many other factors also add to the high levels of poverty. These include impeded access to markets, inputs, and services due to inadequate or nonexistent transportation infrastructure; a lack of access to electricity, with negative consequences for the productive potential of both agriculture and off-farm sectors; health and productivity constraints arising from limited access to domestic drinking water; a limited range of alternative, high-value crops or crop varieties specially adapted to barani areas; inadequate and poorly managed rangelands for livestock; serious loss of productive land due to water and wind erosion; poor access to agriculture and livestock advisory and support services; and low levels of literacy, which impede access to new technologies or the adoption of alternative income-earning activities. Development activities in barani areas have been shown to be successful in tackling these problems when there have been high levels of beneficiary involvement in the design and implementation of project activities. As a result of the Punjab Local Government Ordinance of 2001, official institutional structures now exist at grassroots level in rural areas to allow elected representation and local management of development activities. In these conditions it is now possible to combine past experience and lessons learned in barani areas with the new, representative institutional structures in rural areas (union councils and zila councils) to implement a poverty-focused project that will reinforce the ongoing decentralization process and have a strong development impact on the ground. This will be achieved through the support of activities, selected and managed by the beneficiaries themselves, that enhance productivity of resources, improve the quality of life for the areas population, and improve access to markets through better rural infrastructure.
1. Improved quality of life 2. Reduced Poverty 3. Better natural resources management
Description of Outcome
Enhanced access to land, water, markets, services, agriculture inputs, technologies and employment for the population of the barani areas.
Progress Towards Outcome
The achievements against outcome of the Projects will be assessed in the impact studies and Project Completion Report
Description of Project Outputs
C. Components/Outputs 1. Village and Union Development Fund 1.1 Community-based medium-scale initiatives 1.2 District line agencies support 1.3 RSP support to union council 2. Targeted Poverty alleviation Fund 2.1 Group-based small-scale initiatives 2.2 Off-farm employment opportunities 3. Literacy Through Skillsbased Training 4. Institutional Support
Status of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress
Overall project performance is satisfactory. Physical progress is estimated at 68%. Component-wise progress is as follows: Village and Union Development = 61% Targeted Poverty Alleviation = 63% Literacy Through Skills Training = 33% Institutional Support = 60% 1. Village and Union Development Component Key achievements under this include: (i) development of systems and procedures for planning, implementation of medium-scale infrastructure (MSIs) schemes and transfer of funds to line agencies; (ii) 615 (99%) MSIs approved; 131 (21%) MSIs under implementation and 257 (42%) MSIs completed. Overall progress on MSIs is 54%. In the Mid-term Review (MTR) of the Project, the following changes in implementation arrangements were agreed and later approved by ADB and Government, to avoid delays: (i) dropping of community cost share (5% cash and 15% in kind) due to their financial inability (ii) dropping of implementation through community due to technical and management problems. 2. Targeted Poverty Alleviation Targets for SSIs were revised in MTR from 2,266 to 3,034 SSI. Key achievements against revised/increased targtes include: COs formation: (No) - Targets: 4,738 - Actual achievement: 4,762 (over 100%) COs Membership: (members) - Targets: 94,760 - Actual achievement: 84,903 (90%) Community Trainings: - Mngt. Skills Trg.: 9,118 persons (98%) - Fund Mgt Acct/Trg : 4,738 persons (100%) - Mnger/Actvt.Wshops: 28,695 persons101%) Micro-credit disbursements: - Targets: (no. of loans) :46062 - Achievement: 33,641 (73%) Community Savings: PRs.11.092 million SSIs (Targets: 3,024) - SSI approved so far: 2,274 (75%) - SSIs ongoing: 358 (12%) - SSIs completed: 1,966 (65%) 3. Literacy Through Skills Training An NGO (M/s. Adult Basic Education Society) was hired using single-source-selection method. The contract was signed on 27 Jan 2009, and the NGO is on board: The progress is as follows: - 20 PC-Is approved (100%) - 99 (16%) literacy centres established) - 2,005 (17%) women/girls trained. 4. Institutional Support Key project offices have been established at the PMU and district level and most of the staff is in place. All consultants are on board. There is a probem of high staff turnover of SEC, due to low salaries paid to their staff. The Loan Review Mission (Aug 09) has advised SEC to ensure staff retention by increasing their salaries reasonably. The revised Project Design allows to establish 4 additional District Project Offices. These offices have been established, and furniture and equipment provided. Staff below 16 grade has been appointed, the case for staff of 16 grade and above is with P&D for final approval.
Stakeholder Participation and Consultation
During Project Implementation
The schemes under small-scale infrastructure component will be identified, designed, and implemented by communities, including women, with the technical backstopping of National Rural Support Program, and Punjab Rural Support Program.
Status of Covenants
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Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.