37066-023: MFF - Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program (Subproject 1)
Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details
The Investment Program aims to reduce poverty and deprivation, and support economic growth of rural communities by providing them with enhanced access to markets, employment opportunities, and social services, including health and education. The objective will be attained by (i) providing rural habitations in Assam, Orissa and West Bengal with all-weather road connections; (ii) improving efficiency and sustainability of the Prime Minister's Rural Roads Program (PMGSY) implementation in the three states by providing support for capacity building in technical, safeguard, financial and road safety aspects.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
Poor road infrastructure affects economic growth in rural areas. Poor road connectivity has a strong link to poverty. The Government is trying to redress this problem under PMGSY. The theme of ADB?s Country Strategy and Program (CSP) is mainstreaming poverty reduction. In line with the Government?s priorities for the Tenth Five-Year Plan 2002-2007, this is to be addressed primarily by supporting economic growth, including both high growth and equitable, pro-poor growth. The CSP points to emerging consensus over the importance of infrastructure in poverty reduction, through both its indirect impact on growth leading to increased incomes and employment, and its direct contributions to incomes and employment and reducing human poverty by improving access to social services. The CSP highlights that strong connectivity to link poor rural families to social services and markets is the organizing theme for the transport sector. In line with these thrusts, ADB has been providing assistance to the national rural roads program called Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY, meaning ?Prime Minister?s rural roads program?). The first ADB assistance, the Rural Roads Sector I Project, was approved in November 2003 for $400 million to finance part of PMGSY investment in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. The Rural Roads Sector II Investment Program will continue ADB?s support to the sector.
Involuntary Resettlement: C
Indigenous Peoples: B
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Although the environmental and social impacts are insignificant, continued monitoring to ensure that the mitigation measures are well implemented is needed.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation
During Project Design
The PMGSY guidelines require PIUs to consult with the local community in coordination with the gram (village) panchayat concerned to determine the suitable road alignment, resolve issues of land availability, and address other adverse social and environmental impacts while preparing the detailed project report. PMGSY guidelines set out detailed requirements for a transect walk to be conducted as part of the community consultation process. Representatives of the village and PIU engineers will traverse the entire stretch of the road/path to be improved, and conduct consultations with interested persons. Preparation of the subprojects under the Investment Program follows the PMGSY guidelines and the CPF adopted by each of the Project states to ensure broad community participation at the design and implementation stages
During Project Implementation
The process of community consultation will continue throughout the implementation of the Investment Program.
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.