40190-023: Greater Mekong Subregion Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation Project (LAO/VIE)
Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details
The impact of the Project will be reduced economic losses resulting from floods and droughts. The outcome will be improved capacities and preparedness to manage and mitigate the impacts of flood and drought events. The Project will have four key outputs: (i) Enhanced regional data, information, and knowledge base for the management of floods and droughts; (ii) Upgraded water management infrastructure; (iii) Enhanced capacity for community-based disaster risk management; and (iv) Effective project implementation.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
The Mekong River stretches through the People s Republic of China, Myanmar, the Lao PDR, Thailand, Cambodia, and Viet Nam with a total land area of 795,000 square kilometers (km2). The Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) is home to about 60 million people in Cambodia, the Lao PDR, Thailand, and Viet Nam. The Mekong River stands apart because of the large fluctuations in seasonal discharge very low flows in the dry season yet extensive flooding in the wet season. River flow is largely unaffected by water control structures and follows the seasonal hydrological cycle. Countries in the LMB have varying levels of capacity to prepare for and manage flood- and drought-related disasters. Actions are mostly reactive, rather than proactive, and are uncoordinated. Better flood and drought disaster preparedness requires (i) knowledge availability and sharing of potential changes to the spatial and temporal distribution of climate and hydrological variables over the basin as a whole; (ii) capacity for timely flood and drought forecasting and dissemination of warnings to communities at risk; (iii) engagement of at-risk communities in the identification, analysis, treatment, monitoring, and evaluation of disaster risks in order to reduce their vulnerabilities and enhance their coping capacities; and (iv) improved condition of water control infrastructure. The project is aligned with the relevant policies, strategies, and programs such as the following: (i) Lao PDR: Disaster Management Action Frameworks, 2003 2020; and the (ii) Viet Nam: National Strategy for Natural Disaster Prevention, Response and Mitigation approved by the Prime Minister in 2007 (Decision No. 172/2007), National Targeted Program to Respond to Climate Change, Strategic Direction of Water Resources Development (to 2020 and toward 2050), the Mekong Delta Master Plan. The project is aligned with ADB s Water Operational Plan, 2011 2020, which identifies flood and drought mitigation (as part of disaster risk management) as one of the two urgent challenges to be addressed in the integrated water resource management process. The project is also aligned with the ADB s Disaster and Emergency Assistance Policy (2004) as it will support the governments and local communities to identify and manage risks from natural hazards.
Reduced economic losses resulting from flood and drought
Description of Outcome
Improved capacity and preparedness to manage and mitigate the impacts of flood and drought events
Progress Towards Outcome
LAO: Budget and TOR of the consulting services have been finalized and recruitment initiated VIE: The recruitment for the component's consulting service packages is ongoing. The evaluation of technical proposals submitted have been carried out and endorsed by ADB. First-ranked consultants will be requested to submit their financial proposals within Q4 2014.
Description of Project Outputs
Enhanced regional data, information, and knowledge base for the management of floods and droughts Upgraded water management infrastructure Enhanced capacity for CBDRM Effective project implementation
Status of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress
The recruitment of the consutlants is in process, consultants are expected to mobilize in Q2 2015. Consulting services recruitment are ongoing for both (i) Design Criteria for Flood and Drought Risk Management in Cuu Long Delta (GMS 1.1) and (ii) Cross Border Flood Risk Mitigation and Diverstion in the border area between Cambodia and Viet Nam (GMS 1.2). The recruitment of the service contract is ongoing. Recruitment of consultants is in process, works design is expected to complete in Q1 2016 and contract is expected to award in Q2 2016 Will be ensured at contract award. Will be done at completion of works contracts The detailed engineering designs of the subprojects are being reviewed by the project implementation consultants. Will be ensured at contract award Will be done at completion of works Recruitment of the CBDRM consultants is ongoing. Mobilization is expected in Q2 2015, subsequently the plans will be prepared Recruitment of the consulting assignments is ongoing. Recruitment of the consulting assignments is ongoing. The project implementation consultants for LAO mobilized in December 2013. The consultants for VIE commenced in May 2014. The advances have been disbursed to the imprest accounts. The first withdrawal applications for replenishment for the Lao Project has been processed by ADB. The withdrawal applications for replenishment for the VIE Project are being prepared. Not yet due. The Projects are still in its early stage of implementation. Gender trainings will be provided in 2015
Involuntary Resettlement: A
Indigenous Peoples: C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
All identified adverse impacts resulting from the location, design, construction, and operation of the water management infrastructure are expected to be small to moderate and can be mitigated by adoption of specific measures. Special environment-related assurances are prepared to mitigate any project impact on adjacent wetlands. Further updating of the environmental management plans for individual subprojects will be undertaken prior to the commencement of site-specific construction activities.
It is initially estimated that about 1,814 households (11,065 people) will be affected by the project, including 1,537 households (9,222 people) in Viet Nam and 277 households (1,843 people) in the Lao PDR. In both countries, severely affected households are estimated at about 248 households (1,221 people), potentially losing more than 10% of their productive land and/or assets. The total land take is estimated at 75 hectares. Six resettlement plans, one for each subproject, have been prepared (two in the Lao PDR and four in Viet Nam).
No indigenous people maintaining distinct cultural identities or separate cultural traditions was found to reside in the project areas.
Stakeholder Participation and Consultation
During Project Design
Consultation with key stakeholders were conducted during project design.
Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.