41171-022: Transport Sector Development Project
Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details
The project will improve access to socioeconomic opportunities by rehabilitating and maintaining land, sea, and air transport infrastructure. Solomon Islands has been offered significant parallel grant cofinancing from the governments of Australia and New Zealand but has insufficient capacity to plan and implement the necessary civil works. The project will therefore strengthen transport sector institutions by establishing a central project implementation unit (CPIU) to reform the government's institutional structure, implement civil works, and conduct technical and managerial capacity development. In doing so, the project will prepare an environment for a comprehensive transport sector-based approach based on long-term partnerships, sector coordination, and reliance on government systems. Through close cooperation with other development partners, the project will support the government in efficiently implementing all externally funded assistance to the transport sector.
Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy
The economy is at a disadvantage given the dispersed population, limited resources, and relatively high cost of providing remote communities with the infrastructure and basic services to stimulate productivity gains. The urban rural divide is increasing between the population living in and around the capital city of Honiara and the majority of the population living in rural communities on outer islands. The weak and poorly maintained transport infrastructure constrains economic growth and limits its inclusiveness. Improved transport infrastructure is expected to strengthen growth, improve access to basic social services in rural areas, build rural economies, and increase geographic equity.
The people of Solomon Islands have improved access to socioeconomic opportunities.
Description of Outcome
MID provides sustainable transport infrastructure.
Progress Towards Outcome
The implementation progress of the project at 84% complete as of the first review mission held in Feb 2015.
Description of Project Outputs
The central project implementation unit (CPIU) provides efficient and effective project implementation and management. Transport infrastructure prioritized in the National Transport Plan (NTP) is rehabilitated and maintained. MID's technical and managerial capacity is sufficient.
Status of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress
MID established the central project implementation unit (CPIU) to implement and manage all transport sector activities. The CPIU is staffed with MID personnel who are supported by consultants providing expertise to implement the annual work plan. Infrastructure investments are planned and delivered as per the NTP priorities determined by a multi-criteria analysis, including economic and social aspects, safeguards and engineering standards. Designs incorporate measures for climate change adaptation, supporting the socially vulnerable, and ensuring sustainable maintenance. The annual work plan largely focuses on maintenance of transport infrastructure for the road network and wharves while continuing with capacity development in core areas of project planning, programming, management, budgeting, contract management and supervision. Infrastructure maintenance has been the key focus since the midterm review in JNovember 2014. As a result, routine maintenance under machine based contracts and labor-based equipment-supported contracts became central to CPIU s work plan. Out of the total 1,508km road network, 691km are being maintained under existing contracts, 250km are under procurement stage, and 244km are under scoping stage. The remaining 323km are to be planned for 2015/2016. Focus has also shifted to maintenance of wharves. Contracts are ongoing for six wharves, contracts awarded for 10 wharves, bids evaluated for three wharves, and at the scoping stage for 25 wharves.
Involuntary Resettlement: B
Indigenous Peoples: C
Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects
Given the subprojects prioritized in the NTP, civil works are not likely to result in any significant adverse environmental impact, and potential environmental impacts can be adequately mitigated and monitored. An environmental assessment and review framework presents the general anticipated environmental impacts of the sector project, selection criteria, and environmental procedures for future subprojects. An initial environmental examination incorporating an environmental management and monitoring plan was prepared for each of the two sample subprojects for road and airstrip rehabilitation. The project is classified as environment category B.
The project is not expected to entail significant resettlement impacts, as anticipated subprojects will involve existing infrastructure and rehabilitation works can be undertaken within the existing right-of-way or on land owned by the government. While the sample subprojects studied do not require land acquisition, some subsequent subprojects or activities may involve minor land acquisition and resettlement impacts, which can be identified only during implementation. If such impacts are identified, the government will prepare resettlement plans for such subprojects according to the resettlement framework for the project. The project s involuntary resettlement classification is category B.
Melanesians are the native people of Solomon Islands and comprise the vast majority of the population. The project is not expected to have any negative impact on indigenous peoples. While a separate indigenous peoples plan is not needed, all project components or subprojects will be implemented in a culturally appropriate and participatory manner to meet the needs of the population. The project s indigenous peoples classification is category C.
Stakeholder Communication, Participation and Consultation
During Project Design
ADB consulted with the Solomon Islands Government and development partners, including Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, European Commission, JICA, New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and World Bank, to develop project design during the implementation of a project preparatory technical assistance and a fact-finding mission. PPTA team visited two sample subproject areas (i.e., St. Martin Road in Honiara and Gizo airstrip) and consulted with peoplesin the areas to analyze environment, and poverty and social issues.
Status of Covenants
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Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.