44212-013: Coastal Towns Environmental Infrastructure Project

Project Data Sheet (PDS): Details

Description

The project will strengthen climate resilience and disaster preparedness in eight vulnerable coastal pourashavas (secondary towns) of Bangladesh. The project takes a holistic and integrated approach to urban development and will (i) provide climate-resilient municipal infrastructure; and (ii) strengthen institutional capacity, local governance, and public awareness for improved urban planning and service delivery considering climate change and disaster risks. Key infrastructure investments include (i) drainage; (ii) water supply; (iii) sanitation; (iv) cyclone shelters; and (v) other municipal infrastructure including emergency access roads and bridges, solid waste management, bus terminals, slum improvements, boat landings, and markets. Investments will benefit the poor and women.

Project Rationale and Linkage to Country/Regional Strategy

The project is prioritized in the government s Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (2010) under the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience, and will demonstrate new approaches for integrating climate resilience into urban development in coastal pourashavas (with a population of 15,000 to 60,000). The government s Sixth Five-Year Plan, 2011 2015 targets assistance to vulnerable coastal populations requiring investments in climate-resilient infrastructure and urban planning. The project is consistent with the Bangladesh country partnership strategy, which targets assistance to vulnerable coastal areas in adapting to the risks of climate change, and is consistent with the ADB Urban Operational Plan to promote climate-change-resilient cities. Climate change is a critical development issue for Bangladesh. The country s low-lying coastal zone (consisting of 19 districts with an estimated population of 38.1 million, of which 8.6 million is urban) is highly vulnerable to cyclones, storm surges, sea level rise, and salinity intrusion. A 1.5?C increase in temperature and 4% increase in precipitation (the median projections for Bangladesh from general circulation models) would potentially result in sea levels in the Bay of Bengal rising by 27 centimeters or more by 2050. Warmer temperatures would result in more frequent and intense cyclones and storm surges, damaging roads and bridges and rendering existing drainage, water supply, and sanitation systems ineffective, as well as threatening public health and safety. The central and southwestern regions of the country are particularly vulnerable. Cyclone Sidr in 2007 (a Category 5 storm with wind speed of 260 kilometers per hour) resulted in economic losses of $1.7 billion (2.6% of gross domestic product). The poor and women are disproportionately affected and have the lowest capacity to cope with losses. There is a high demand for climate-resilient infrastructure and disaster preparedness to improve the wellbeing of residents and reduce migration to larger cities. Coastal towns suffer from large infrastructure deficits and natural resource constraints that exacerbate sensitivity to climate change. A shortage of drains and severe siltation and solid waste build up result in severe flooding and extended water logging (lasting up to 7 days during monsoon rains). Water supply suffers from (i) low access to piped water, (ii) salinity contamination of shallow and middle aquifers, and (iii) unsustainable groundwater extraction. Feasibility study surveys found that residents without piped water supplies who rely on community pond sand filter systems pay as much as 2 4 times more for water of inferior quality compared to similar towns with piped supplies. There is a high willingness to pay (up to 50%more) for improved services. While there is generally high coverage of household sanitation (up to 94% of households have toilets), there is no septage management or treatment systems, resulting in polluted waterways and a high incidence of waterborne diseases, with large outbreaks occurring after disasters. Emergency access roads are in poor condition, and most cyclone shelters are structurally unsafe as a result of extensive exposure to cyclones and poor maintenance. There is an acute need for new, higher-capacity multi-use cyclone shelters located in core urban areas accessible to poorer populations. It is critical that new investments are designed that consider climate change to manage the long-term costs of natural disasters and ensure investments deliver intended benefits. The high vulnerability of coastal towns is also linked to poor governance and low adaptive capacity. Urban planning is in its infancy and development controls are only now emerging. Many pourashavas lack established mechanisms for public participation, particularly in the allocation of municipal budgets. Low tax collection efficiency (on average 57% in coastal towns) reflects outdated financial management practices, including limited computerization of accounts and billing systems, and irregular tax assessments. There is an urgent need to strengthen institutional capacity, public awareness, and knowledge management to complement physical investments as part of an integrated approach for building climate change resilience.

Impact

Improved well-being in coastal towns.

Project Outcome

Description of Outcome

Increased climate and disaster resiliency in coastal towns benefiting the poor and women.

Progress Towards Outcome

The project is in its initial stage; was made effective in September 2014. Planning and procurement process are ongoing.

Implementation Progress

Description of Project Outputs

1. Improved climate-resilient municipal infrastructure 2. Strengthened institutional capacity, governance, and awareness 3. Project management and administration supported

Status of Operation/Construction or Implementation Progress

Procurement process is in progress Procurement process is in progress Bidding documents are being prerpared Subprojects have been finalized. Procurement will start in 2015 Subprojects have been finalized. Procurement will start in 2015 Procurement process is in progress Subprojects will be finalized in the begining of 2015 and procurement will start in mid 2015 Capacity building activities will start after the recruitment of Institutional Capacity and Community Development Consultants (ICCDC) Capacity building activities will start after the recruitment of Institutional Capacity and Community Development Consultants (ICCDC) Capacity building activities will start after the recruitment of Institutional Capacity and Community Development Consultants (ICCDC) Capacity building activities will start after the recruitment of Institutional Capacity and Community Development Consultants (ICCDC) Capacity building activities will start after the recruitment of Institutional Capacity and Community Development Consultants (ICCDC) GAP for the project has been finalized. GAP and PRAP for towns will be developed after the mobilization og Gender Consultants under ICCDC component Capacity building activities will start after the recruitment of Institutional Capacity and Community Development Consultants (ICCDC) Capacity building activities will start after the recruitment of Institutional Capacity and Community Development Consultants (ICCDC) Ongoing. 1st QPR is due for Q4 2014 Ongoing. Will be assessed during mid term and final assessment

Safeguard Categories

Environment: B
Involuntary Resettlement: B
Indigenous Peoples: C

Summary of Environmental and Social Aspects

Environmental Aspect
No significant environmental impacts. IEEs and EARF prepared.

Involuntary Resettlement
No significant environmental impacts. RPs and RF prepared.

Indigenous Peoples
No impacts anticipated.

Stakeholder Participation and Consultation

During Project Design
A consultation and participation plan prepared.

During Project Implementation
A consultation and participation plan prepared.

 

Project Data Sheets (PDS) contain summary information on the project or program. Because the PDS is a work in progress, some information may not be included in its initial version but will be added as it becomes available. Information about proposed projects is tentative and indicative.

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